Causes of Aortic Valve Regurgitation

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Any condition that damages a valve can cause regurgitation. Causes of aortic valve regurgitation include: Congenital heart valve disease, age-related changes to the heart, endocarditis, rheumatic fever, trauma (damage to the aorta near the site of the aortic valve), or other conditions such as Marfan syndrome, lupus, high blood pressure, bacterial infection of the heart tissue, or untreated syphilis.
What are the symptoms?
Most often, aortic valve regurgitation develops gradually, which means that you may have no signs or symptoms for years, and you may even not realize that you have the condition. But over time you may have:

Heart murmur
Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
Rapid, fluttering, racing, or pounding heartbeat (palpitations)
Shortness of breath, most often when you are active
Fatigue or weakness.
Swollen ankles and feet
Lightheadedness or fainting
Chest pain or pressure, often brought on by exercise, when the heart has to work harder

When it’s an acute condition, these symptoms are sudden, often more intense, and life-threatening.
What happens during aortic regurgitation?
It happens when the blood leaks back into the left ventricle. That’s to say, the heart will have to do more work to compensate for the leaked blood. The ventricle walls will sometimes thicken, and a thickened heart muscle is a less effective pump. In the end, the heart maybe unable to pump enough to satisfy the body’s need for blood, leading to heart failure.
What kind of treatment plan can I expect from doctors?
If your symptoms are mild, you may be treated with medications to reduce blood clotting and reduce the risk of stroke. But if they are severe, surgical repairs or replacement are needed to treat your condition. Better consult your doctor for more precise diagnosis and proper treatment plan!