All knows that the outbreak of coronavirus 2019-nCoV, or NCP, which originated from Wuhan, China, has killed more than 300 people while 14,000 have contracted the disease. It is estimated that more than 70,000 people have been infected, according to medical experts.
Considering the contagiousness of the disease, the US government has required travelers back from China to have a 14-days-long quarantine under medical help. CDC also gives some tips on symptoms, transmission, and prevention for ordinary people in US.
For confirmed 2019-nCoV infections, reported illnesses have ranged from people with little to no symptoms to people being severely ill and dying. Symptoms can include:
Shortness of breath
Headache, conjunctivitis, and muscles sores may also happen to patients. The symptoms normally appear 3-7 days after exposure, the time length up to 14 days.
The new coronavirus, called 2019-nCoV, has not been fully understood by doctors. Based on our knowledge about similar viruses, the 2019-nCoV may mainly spread person-to-person among close contacts (about 6 feet.)
Person-to-person spread is thought to occur mainly via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes, similar to how influenza and other respiratory pathogens spread. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
There are some cases in China about a healthy person getting 2019-nCoV by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes. However, evidence is not enough for the indirect touching transmission.
Typically, with most respiratory viruses, people are thought to be most contagious when they are most symptomatic (the sickest). With 2019-nCoV, however, there have been reports of spread from an infected patient with no symptoms to a close contact.
Precautions you should take to prevent infection recommended by CDC include:
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
Stay home when you are sick.
Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
Luckily, there are less than 10 people diagnosed as patients of 2019-nCoV in the US by now, and their contacts have been subject to a quarantine to avoid further infections. So stay in a good mood, keep your daily routine, and protect yourself and your loved ones. We’ll survive the disease safely.