Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment

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I need to know the approved treatments and those in trials.

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General Information About Small Cell Lung Cancer

1. Small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung.

2. There are two main types of small cell lung cancer.

3. Smoking is the major risk factor for small cell lung cancer.

4. Signs and symptoms of small cell lung cancer include coughing, shortness of breath, and chest pain.

5. Tests and procedures that examine the lungs are used to detect (find), diagnose, and stage small cell lung cancer.

6. Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.

Prognosis 

For most patients with small cell lung cancer, current treatments do not cure the cancer.Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.

1. The stage of the cancer (whether it is in the chest cavity only or has spread to other places in the body).

2. The patient’s age, gender, and general health.

For certain patients, prognosis also depends on whether the patient is treated with both chemotherapy and radiation.

Stages

The following stages are used for small cell lung cancer:

Limited-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

In limited-stage, cancer is in the lung where it started and may have spread to the area between the lungs or to the lymph nodes above the collarbone.

Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

In extensive-stage, cancer has spread beyond the lung or the area between the lungs or the lymph nodes above the collarbone to other places in the body.

Treatment Option Overview

Six types of standard treatment are used:       

Surgery       

Chemotherapy       

Radiation therapy       

Immunotherapy       

Laser therapy       

Endoscopic stent placement

New types of treatment are being tested in clinical trials.

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