Are you a member of couch-potatoes? Are you now lying on the sofa, with a bag of chips and a can of coke? Caution. A recent study showed that couch-potatoes as young as eight have sighs showing that they have a high risk of becoming type 2 diabetic adults.
Diabetes in the U.S.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2020, 34.2 million Americans, just over 1 in 10, have diabetes, and 88 million American adults, nearly 1 in 3, have prediabetes.
Especially, type 2 diabetes is the 7th leading cause of mortality in the US.
How the experiment went
Researchers from the University of Bristol took blood samples from 4,761 people when they were 8, 16, 18, and 25.
Participants those who have more risk had low levels of good cholesterol and high levels of bad cholesterol. With growing up, the relevant chemicals in their bodies increased and the differences between healthy people and the people at risk widened over time.
Reasearchers found that the emergency of type 2 diabetics was associated with obesity and physical inactivity.
What is type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes develops when the cells are unable to produce enough insulin, or the body is no longer sensitive to insulin.
Symptoms of type-2 diabetes include fatigue, hunger, increased thirst, increased urination and blurred vision, etc.
The significance of the experiment
Dr. Bell, the co-leader of the experiment, said: “We see signs of susceptibility very early on — about 50 years before it is usually diagnosed. It is remarkable we can see signs of adult diabetes in the blood from such a young age. Knowing what these early signs look like — widens our window of opportunity to intervene much earlier and stop diabetes before it becomes harmful.”
How to prevent type 2 diabetics
Diabetes is preventable if you have a healthy lifestyle.
The National Institute for Health conducted a study in 2010 that showed 40 percent of an average child's diet is made up of fat and sugar, which is the main reason for obesity.
A diet low in fast foods, trans fats, saturated fats, sugars, and processed foods is more recommended. It is betther that eat more fruits and vegetables, and keep whole grains, protein, and low-fat milk balance the meal.
Exercise makes your muscles more sensitive to insulin.
To prevent diabetes, you need to sit less and exercise more. 30 minutes of physical activity four or five days a week will help keep you healthy.