Boy Diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes after Biting Nails

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An 11-year-old boy was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes after he had been biting his nails for some while.


According to the Sun, the British schoolboy, Dylan Holliday, was suffering from the pain as he could not help biting the skin around his nails and screaming out in pain, and even started to hallucinate before he was rushed to hospital a week later.


To his parents’ surprise, he was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes rather than infection such as blood poisoning. They always thought Dylan was a healthy boy.


Like Dylan’s parents, you may feel baffled, wondering what ‘type 1 diabetes’ is and why a healthy kid could get this. The following part may help you understand the disease better.



Type 1 diabetes


Type 1 diabetes occurs at every age despite race, shape, and size, and is more common in children and young adults.


It is caused when our immune system destroys the cells which produce insulin, leading to dangerously high blood sugar. Insulin is a hormone that helps move glucose from bloodstream into cells to fuel our body.


Unlike type 2, in which our body does not respond to insulin as it should, we can hardly prevent type 1 by proper intake of sugar and regular exercise as it is gene related. It is a lifelong condition but can be managed if patients take medicine to keep the glucose level under control.





If the signs suddenly appear while you do not know what it is, turn to a doctor, who will administer tests to confirm whether it is diabetes. The symptoms and signs include:


· Increased thirst or huger

· Fatigue

· Frequent urination

· Unintended weight loss

· Blurry vision

· Rapid breathing



You may still wonder the connection between type 1 diabetes and nail biting, a super common habit for kids or teens. It was literally a warning sign in this story as Dylan was screaming in confusion, which is also a sign of an emergency (known as diabetic ketoacidosis, DKA) with type 1 diabetes. The signs of an emergency also include:


· Shaking and confusion

· Feeling sick

· Extreme thirst

· Rapid breathing

· Fatigue

· Frequent urination

· Belly or tummy pain

· Breath with fruity smell

· Loss of consciousness


Type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed after patients get DKA in some cases.


There is no direct correlation between type 1 diabetes and nail biting, but we’d better keep an eye on children when they show any abnormal signs, because they might be an alarm bell of life-threatening danger.


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