Many conditions could lead to these symptoms.
Lots of people associate tendonitis (a.k.a. an inflamed tendon) with knee pain, but it’s also a common cause of top-of-foot pain.
In addition to icing and taking an anti-inflammatory, you’ll also want to do some toe grip exercises to take the stress off the tendon, along with dorsiflexion (flexing your foot up towards your shin).
2. Metatarsal stress fracture.
There are five metatarsal bones in the center of your foot, and you can develop a metatarsal stress fracture if you go too hard, too fast (this is most common in the second through fourth metatarsal bones). Look out for tell-tale swelling and pain concentrated on the top of your foot over the bones.
Neuromas of the forefoot are inflamed and swollen nerves that travel near the metatarsals and feel like a burning sensation. It can also feel like a sharp pain that shoots up through your foot into your toes.
There are two common types of arthritis: osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused by trauma to, or overuse of, your joints—the cartilage that cushions the bones in your joints deteriorates. Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, is an autoimmune disorder. While runners are no more likely to suffer from arthritis than anyone else, it’s still a condition that affects millions of people worldwide and can cause foot pain that makes running difficult. According to the Mayo Clinic, you might experience pain, tenderness, stiffness, swelling, or loss of flexibility in your foot.