The treatment for swollen feet and ankles depends on the underlying cause(s). For many people, simply raising their feet above their heart or simply getting off their feet regularly during the day will reduce or eliminate the swelling. However, for many other people, treatment of the underlying cause of the swelling may include antibiotics for infections, a splint or wrap for a sprain, taking appropriate medications for CHF or gout.
Emergent and urgent treatment is infrequent for foot or ankle swelling itself, but does occur for certain underlying causes where feet and ankle swelling or localized swelling is an important symptom and sometimes the major symptom. Examples include
preeclampsia in pregnancy,
heart failure exacerbations,
foot and ankle fractures,
Anytime the swelling is accompanied by other major symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain or fever, a health care professional (emergency department or EMS) should be contacted immediately.