Physical therapy for TM D
Exercises prescribed by the physical therapist or doctor are important to maintain normal muscle/joint function and comfort, improve joint range of motion, increase muscle strength, develop normal coordination and stabilize the TMJs. Exercises should be specifically prescribed and monitored by the therapist or doctor as improper or excessive exercise therapy can aggravate TM D symptoms.
TMJ mobilization techniques are often indicated for decreased range of motion and pain related to jaw muscle contracture, disc displacement, and adhesion in the joints. Pain reduction and muscle relaxation is usually required before mobilization of the jaws can be achieved.
Physical agents or modalities for TM D management include electrotherapy (EGS, TENS, etc.), ultrasound, anesthetic agents (Vapocoolant spray and topical anesthetic), stretching and massage.
The three treatment techniques mentioned above fully demonstrate the professional qualities of PT. At present, the hospital's PT can provide such professional services for patients.
By the way, American academy of orthopaedic manual physical therapists, (AAOMPT tutorial) "Examination and Treatment of Temporomandibular Disorders:An Evidence Based Munual Physical Therapy Approach" for the reference of patients. This tutorial covers the functional anatomy and kinematics of TMJ and introduces the physical inspection, classification and processing of TM D. It is equipped with detailed anatomical drawings and hand maps. Intuitively show the professional characteristics of PT, it is worthy of an oral patient to understand.