Laennec's cirrhosis a type of cirrhosis of the liver characterized by a nodular appearance of the liver surface, associated with alcoholism.
Laennec's cirrhosis can be associated with inflammatory polyarthritis, most commonly affecting the shoulders, elbows and knees. Osteoporosis, soft tissue swelling in peripheral joints and sometimes calcific periathritis are seen.
In the developed world, Laennec's cirrhosis most commonly affects middle-aged males, typically ages 40–60. This is the most common form of cirrhosis in the U.S. Chronic alcoholism can cause Laennec's cirrhosis.
In areas of the world afflicted with chronic starvation (Africa and Asia), the children are most commonly afflicted.
Severe protein deficiency can cause Laennec's cirrhosis. Two causes have been identified. The first is malnutrition, or, more specifically, protein deprivation. This is seen in starving children who have insufficient supplies of protein and therefore manufacture insufficient amounts of lipoproteins. They develop fatty livers: it is presumed that if they survive, cirrhosis will develop.
Chronic alcoholism can cause Laennec's cirrhosis. Whether or not alcohol alone can produce fatty nutritional cirrhosis has been debated for decades. Current evidence is that it can. If so, the condition should be renamed "alcoholic cirrhosis". Those who do not subscribe to the "alcohol-as-a-poison" school state that the changes to be described are the result of malnutrition common to alcoholics. They argue that alcoholics, in a sense, are no different from those in a state of chronic protein deprivation — both have protein deprivations.
no evidence prove it's Genetic disease.