May I Get Some Information About Spindle Cell Sarcoma?

  • 3

3 Answers

These messages are for mutual support and information sharing only. Always consult your doctor before trying anything you read here.
What is a BLAND spindle cell?
Spindle cell sarcoma in muscle tissue
Spindle cell sarcoma is a type of connective tissue cancer in which the cells are spindle-shaped when examined under a microscope. The tumors generally begin in layers of connective tissue such as that under the skin, between muscles, and surrounding organs, and will generally start as a small lump with inflammation that grows. At first the lump will be self-contained as the tumor exists in its stage 1 state, and will not necessarily expand beyond its encapsulated form. However, it may develop cancerous processes that can only be detected through microscopic examination. As such, at this level the tumor is usually treated by excision that includes wide margins of healthy-looking tissue, followed by thorough biopsy and additional excision if necessary. The prognosis for a stage 1 tumor excision is usually fairly positive, but if the tumors progress to levels 2 and 3, prognosis is worse because tumor cells have likely spread to other locations. These locations can either be nearby tissues or system-wide locations that include the lungs, kidneys, and liver. In these cases prognosis is grim and chemotherapy and radiation are the only methods of controlling the cancer.

Spindle cell sarcoma can develop for a variety of reasons, including genetic predisposition but it also may be caused by a combination of other factors including injury and inflammation in patients that are already thought to be predisposed to such tumors. Spindle cells are a naturally occurring part of the body's response to injury. In response to an injury, infection, or other immune response the connective tissues will begin dividing to heal the affected area, and if the tissue is predisposed to spindle cell cancer the high cellular turnover may result in a few becoming cancerous and forming a tumor.
how deadly is spindle cell sarcoma in the anal canal
It depends on the TNM stage and the surgical operation. Specifically, the size, lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis determine the life expectancy of a patient. Moreover, whether radical surgery (that is resection of the anus, which is refused by many patients) could be performed could also influence the life expectancy.
What is TNM stage all about?
The TNM Classification of Malignant Tumors (TNM) is a globally recognized classification system of the extend of the spread of tumors. Even though some common cancers have their own stage classifications, right now, TNM is widely accepted. But it still can’t be applied to tumors of the central nervous system and leukaemia.

To describe the stage of a cancer originating from a solid tumor, the TNM staging system employs alphanumeric codes: T describes the size of the original tumor and whether it has affected nearby tissue. N describes nearby regional lymph nodes that are involved, M describes distant metastasis (spread of cancer from one part of the body to another).
Spindle cell sarcoma is a rare form of cancer. It begins on the skin, soft tissues, and connective tissues. The shape of the cancer cells is spindle and so it is named spindle cell sarcoma. It starts with just a small lump and inflammation and then the symptoms slowly progress as the cancer grows from one stage to another.

In stage 1, the lump is self-contained. In stage 2 and 3, most of the cancer cells already metastasized to other parts of the body making it hard to treat. In stage 4, the tumor has spread to other parts of the body including the lymph nodes.

There are various factors that lead to the development of spindle cell sarcoma such as previous injuries, infections, and genetic predisposition. Another possible cause of spindle cell sarcoma is direct contact with carcinogenic chemicals.

Some patients have ulcerated mass on the exposed areas of the skin. The patient feels exhausted and tired. The patient also has fever and unexplained weight loss. Other clinical manifestations include swelling and tenderness in the affected area, reduced mobility on the affected area, and bone pain.

There are a variety of treatment modalities for spindle cell sarcoma such as radiology, surgery, and chemotherapy. There are instances when the affected part of the body needs to be amputated. The commonly performed surgery is called limb sparing surgery. The tumor along with a margin of healthy tissue is removed to make sure that all tumor cells are thoroughly removed. It also lessens the possibility of recurrence.