Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, ARPKD, is a very rare genetic disorder occurring in newborn children. ARPKD causes the formation of many cysts in the infant's kidneys and makes them larger. The possibility is approximately 1 in 20,000 children. It affects boys and girls equally and can cause death in the first month of life.
The affected infant may have high blood pressure. He/she may also have frequent urge to drink water and to pee, and suffer from feeding difficulties.
The disease is quite fatal to newborns. If a child with ARPKD survives the newborn period, the chances of survival are good. For these children, approximately one-third will need dialysis or transplantation by the age of 10.
Keywords: autosomal recessive polycystic kidney, autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease.