Since IBS is not a life-threatening disease, some people can control their symptoms by controlling diet, lifestyle and stress. More-severe symptoms can be treated with medication and counseling.
changes in your diet and life
foods that you should eliminate from your diet:
- Managing stress
- Eat high-fiber foods
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Exercise regularly
- Get enough sleep
- High-gas foods
- FODMAPs. FODMAPs are found in certain grains, vegetables, fruits and dairy products.
If your problems are moderate or severe, your doctor might suggest counseling
— especially if you have depression or if stress tends to worsen your symptoms.
In addition, based on your symptoms your doctor might suggest medications
Medications specifically for IBS
- Fiber supplements: control constipation
- Anti-diarrheal medications: control diarrhea
- Anticholinergic medications: relieve painful bowel spasms.
- Tricyclic antidepressants: relieve depression
- SSRI antidepressants: relieve depression
- Pain medications. Pregabalin (Lyrica) or gabapentin (Neurontin) might ease severe pain or bloating.
Medications approved for certain people with IBS include:
- Alosetron (Lotronex)
- Eluxadoline (Viberzi)
- Rifaximin (Xifaxan)
- Lubiprostone (Amitiza)
- Linaclotide (Linzess)
You may have to try a few treatments to see what works best for you. Your doctor can help you find the right treatment plan.
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