There are two types of polycystic diseases: autosomal recessive PKD and autosomal dominant PKD. As ARPKD is more rare and usually detected during infancy, it can be easily diagnosed. This article will then introduce how autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is diagnosed.
Forms of diagnosis
Kidney imaging studies are generally used to diagnose ADPKD. The most common form is ultrasound. But more precise studies, such as computerized tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are also widely used. Genetic test that detects mutations in the ADPKD genes is also an option.
However, due to a patient's age. the kidney imaging findings can be quite different. Younger patients usually have both fewer and smaller cysts. Therefore, doctors have developed specific criteria for diagnosing the disease with kidney imaging findings, depending on patient age.
Usually no early diagnosis
In most cases of autosomal dominant PKD, patients have no symptoms and they seem to be healthy for many years, so the disease can go unnoticed. Physical checkups and blood and urine tests may not lead to early diagnosis.
Keywords: diagnosis polycystic kidney disease, polycystic kidney disease diagnosis.