When you find symptoms of polycystic liver disease, it's time to start your treatment. Mild pain associated with the disease can be relieved by pain medication. The cysts may also be removed if they cause significant discomfort or other complications. There are a number of treatment options:
If a cyst is blocking a bile duct or if it has become infected, your doctor may recommend draining it. During cyst aspiration, your doctor will use a needle or catheter to drain the fluid in the cyst or cysts. Unfortunately, cyst aspiration offers only temporary relief. Cysts often fill up with fluid again.
If you have large cysts on the surface of your liver, your doctor may suggest you have surgery to remove the wall of the cyst - a process called cyst fenestration or de-roofing.
If the majority of cysts are in a particular area of the liver, your doctor may be able to surgically remove that part of the liver to provide pain relief and reduce the size of the liver. However, if you have thousands of small cysts spread all over the liver, liver resection will probably not work.
In the most severe cases, a liver transplant may be an option. This treatment is typically reserved for people who are experiencing severe abdominal pain, having trouble eating, and whose overall quality of life is suffering. Liver transplant for polycystic liver disease is rarely performed though.
Keywords: polycystic liver disease treatment.