Cerebral hemorrhage is also called brain bleeding
, refers to the brain parenchyma bleeding
, the vast majority of hypertensive small arteriosclerosis caused by vascular rupture, it is also called hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage
Headache is the first symptom of cerebral hemorrhage, and the pain is often located on the head of the bleeding side. When intracranial pressure increases, the pain can develop to the whole head, dizziness often with headache companion hair. Other manifestations: vomiting, awareness disorders, hemiplegia, aphasia/verbal ambiguity, eye symptoms.
It is reported that patients with cerebral hemorrhage have a history of chronic hypertension accounted for 89%, and these people's systolic pressure is generally in 160~240 mm Hg, diastolic pressure between 90~160 mm Hg. Cerebral hemorrhage is a common acute cerebrovascular disease in middle-aged and elderly, with high fatality rate and disability rate.
Hypertensive patients with blood vessels prone to sclerosis and the formation of micro-aneurysms, long-term blood vessel pressure, can make arterial intima thickening, glass-like degeneration, fibrosis hyperplasia, resulting in small arteriosclerosis. The role of long-term hypertension is to hardened arterial intima integrity damage, and increase the fragility of the vascular wall, when emotional, exertion or exertion, resulting in higher blood pressure, it is easy to cause blood vessels rupture, cerebral hemorrhage. Cerebral hemorrhage can be caused by a variety of factors, but long-term hypertension is the most important factor leading to cerebral hemorrhage.
Therefore, effective control of hypertension is very important to prevent cerebral hemorrhage.
Cerebral hemorrhage occurs mostly in winter (cold weather), the human skin vasoconstriction, resulting in a sharp increase in blood volume of cardiac and cerebral circulation, increased heart load, thus brain circulation resistance increases. It is easy to cause blood vessel pressure increase. And winter is the high onset of cerebrovascular accidents, suffering from hypertension, cardio-cerebrovascular diseases such as the elderly, we must be particularly vigilant.
If you have high blood pressure, you should notice that:
- Regular life habits: Never too overworked, overloaded work prone to cerebral hemorrhage.
- Blood pressure control should be stable: blood pressure stability, can help avoid blood pressure fluctuations on the vascular wall damage, but also to prevent the low blood pressure may cause brain perfusion insufficiency.
- Maintain a comfortable mood: the occurrence of essential hypertension and the environment and mental state have a clear relationship.
- Diet control: Limit the intake of salt, proper control of weight, reduce blood lipids, eat less animal brain, viscera, eat more vegetables, fruits, soy products, with appropriate amount of lean meat, fish, egg.
- Prevent constipation: Forcibly defecation can make abdominal pressure, blood pressure and intracranial pressure rise, very easy to make fragile small blood vessels rupture and cause cerebral hemorrhage, to prevent constipation, eat more cellulose high food (celery, leek and fruit). Regular abdominal massage care.
- Pay attention to keep warm: appropriate physical exercise, promote blood circulation, pay attention to keep warm.
- Keep a close eye on physical change: headaches, dizziness, vomiting.