The hepatitis B virus causes hepatitis B, a form of liver infection. HBV can survive outside the body for at least seven days. During this time, it can infect a person if it enters his or her body. There are many ways the virus can be transmitted, including the following.
- Sexual contact. You may get hepatitis B if you have unprotected sex with someone who is infected.
- Sharing of needles. The reuse of needles and syringes can transmit hepatitis B.
- Exposure to infected blood. If infected blood comes into contact with open sores of an uninfected person, this can spread hepatitis B.
- Mother to child. Pregnant women infected with HBV can pass the virus to their babies during childbirth. However, the newborn can be vaccinated to avoid getting infected in almost all cases.
People infected with hepatitis B virus will develop chronic hepatitis B. Chronic hepatitis B can lead to liver failure and liver cancer. So, protect yourself. Hepatitis B vaccine is a safe and effective way to have long-term protection against hepatitis B infection.
Keywords: hepatitis b contagious; hepatitis b transmitted