What Is Atopic Dermatitis?

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Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema. It often appears as a red, itchy rash on cheeks, arms, legs and other parts of body. Atopic dermatitis always begins in childhood. Although it is quite common, is may be severe and last for a long time. More than 18 million American adults have atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis often disappears when a child grows up, but some people still have flares when they become adults. If you have atopic dermatitis, you had better consult your doctor. Your doctor will help you find a way to ease it, although atopic dermatitis can not be cured. Keywords: atopic dermatitis; atopic dermatitis eczema; atopic dermatitis information; atopic eczema; eczema atopic; eczema atopic dermatitis
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Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a group of skin conditions characterized by red, itchy rashes. It's common in children but can occur at any age.

The exact reason for the cause of eczema is not known but it is associated with overactive response of the body’s immune system. Common causes are as follows:
Weakened or abnormally working immune system
Other health conditions such as hay fever and asthma
Dry skin or other skin conditions such as psoriasis
Insect bites
Disorders of veins such as weakened veins
Environmental factors
Change in genes
Damp hands and feet
Allergies to chemicals, metals or certain substances
Hair dressing, laundry, or dry cleaning where your skin in constantly exposed to irritants

Symptoms include:
Dry, cracked, scaly skin
Itching, which may be intense
Painful lesions
Change in color where skin rashes appear
Thickened skin where rashes appear
Fluid filled blisters

Diagnosis involves physical examination and tests to rule out other conditions.
Common tests:
Physical examination: Physical examination of the skin.
Allergy skin test: Allergy test to check for allergies that cause symptoms.
Skin biopsy: Skin biopsy may be recommended in some cases.

Treatment involves medication, application of topical creams.

Antihistamines: Helps to control itching.
Corticosteroid: Corticosteroid oral drugs, cream or ointment to reduce swelling and itch.
Calcineurin inhibitors: Helps to control immune response causing symptoms.
Antibiotics: Antibiotics to treat skin infections
Topical immunomodulators: Helps to prevent flare-ups

Light therapy: Light therapy by exposing the skin to mild sunlight or ultraviolet light to treat rashes