Diverticulosis occurs when little pockets, which are known as diverticula, form along the colon wall. When these pockets get inflamed or infected, the condition is called diverticulitis. A flare-up of diverticulitis can include a variety of symptoms and, if severe enough, may require hospitalization.
- Abdominal pain - The patient may feel sudden pain in the lower left part of the abdomen. In some cases, the pain may start out as a mild one and then gradually increase over several days.
- Bleeding - Diverticulitis may cause gastrointestinal bleeding, which can be severe.
- Change in bowel habits - Patients with a diverticulitis flare-up may present with symptoms of either diarrhea or constipation. Some patients have bouts of constipation followed by bouts of diarrhea.
- Fever - The fever results from the infection of the pockets in the colon; this requires treatment with antibiotics. In more severe diverticulitis cases, the fever may be higher than 101 degrees F because of a more serious colon infection.
- Nausea and vomiting - Another symptom of a diverticulitis flare-up includes nausea and vomiting. Severe nausea and vomiting with abdominal distension may suggest a more significant complication of diverticulitis, such as a bowel obstruction.
- Urinary problems - Some patients may develop urinary problems like urinary frequency and pain during urination. The location of the bladder near the sigmoid section of the colon may be the cause of the urinary symptoms. These symptoms only occur in a few patients.
Keyword: diverticulitis flare up