When asthma, which is an inflammatory condition that leads to tightening of the muscles around the airways and swelling that cause airways to narrow, and acute bronchitis occur together, the condition is called asthmatic bronchitis.
Common asthmatic bronchitis triggers include:
- Tobacco smoke
- Allergens such as pollen, mold, dust, pet dander, or food and food additives like MSG
- Certain medications such as aspirin and beta-blockers
- Weather changes
- Viral or bacterial infections
- Strong emotions
The symptoms of asthmatic bronchitis are:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness
- Excess mucus production
Asthmatic bronchitis treatments include:
- Short-acting bronchodilators, such as albuterol, to help open the airway to provide short-term relief
- Inhaled corticosteroids.
- Long-acting bronchodilators used together with inhaled corticosteroids
- Leukotriene modifiers
- Cromolyn or theophylline
- Combination inhalers containing both a steroid and a bronchodilator
- Long-acting anticholinergics
- A humidifier or steam
Bacterial respiratory infection may be treated with antibiotics.
Treatment also involves avoiding asthma triggers by:
- Washing your bed linens and blankets in hot water.
- Dusting and vacuuming regularly.
- Using a HEPA air filter in your home.
- Keeping pets out of your bedroom.
- Not smoking, and trying to stay away from other people who smoke.
- Washing your hands frequently to prevent the spread of infection.
Keywords: asthmatic bronchitis