What Is Bronchial Asthma?

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Bronchial asthma, also called asthma, is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways that causes periodic "attacks" of coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Bronchial Asthma Triggers Bronchial asthma triggers may include:
  • Smoking and secondhand smoke
  • Infections such as colds, flu, or pneumonia
  • Allergens such as food, pollen, mold, dust mites, and pet dander
  • Exercise
  • Air pollution and toxins
  • Weather, especially extreme changes in temperature
  • Drugs such as aspirin, NSAIDs, and beta-blockers
  • Food additives
  • Emotional stress and anxiety
  • Singing, laughing, or crying
  • Perfumes and fragrances
  • Acid reflux
Signs and Symptoms of Bronchial Asthma Signs and Symptoms of bronchial asthma may includes:
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tightness of chest
  • Wheezing
  • Excessive coughing or a cough that keeps you awake at night
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