There are mainly two types of treatment for bronchial asthma with two specific goals:
- Controller medications: The most important one because they prevent asthma attacks. After taking the drugs, your airways are less inflamed and less likely to react to triggers.
- Quick-relief medications (rescue medications): They are used to relax the muscles around your airway. If you have to use a rescue medication more than twice a week, that means your asthma isn't well-controlled. However, people who have exercise-induced asthma may use a quick-acting medication called a beta-agonist before a workout.
If your asthma symptoms aren't controlled after taking medications, ask your doctor to help you find a different treatment that works better.
Long-Term Control Medications
To stop airway inflammation
, your doctor may suggest you combine the effective medications with an inhaled corticosteroid, an anti-inflammatory drug with other drugs such as:
Quick-Relief Asthma Drugs
- Long-acting beta-agonists.
- Long-acting anticholinergics.
- Leukotriene modifiers
- Mast cell stabilizers
These medications provide fast relief of asthma attack symptoms like cough, chest tightness, and wheezing. They include:
Inhalers, Nebulizers, and Pills as Asthma Medicine
- Short-acting beta-agonists
- Systemic corticosteroids
Ways to take asthma medications include:
- Inhaled, using a metered dose inhaler
- Dry powder inhaler, or a nebulizer (which changes medication from a liquid to a mist)
- Taken by mouth, either in pill or liquid form
Some asthma drugs can be taken together. And some inhalers mix two different medications to get the drugs to your airways quicker.
Keywords: bronchial asthma medication