What Medication Can Be Used to Treat Bronchial Asthma?

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There are mainly two types of treatment for bronchial asthma with two specific goals:
  • Controller medications: The most important one because they prevent asthma attacks. After taking the drugs, your airways are less inflamed and less likely to react to triggers.
  • Quick-relief medications (rescue medications): They are used to relax the muscles around your airway. If you have to use a rescue medication more than twice a week, that means your asthma isn't well-controlled. However, people who have exercise-induced asthma may use a quick-acting medication called a beta-agonist before a workout.

If your asthma symptoms aren't controlled after taking medications, ask your doctor to help you find a different treatment that works better.

Long-Term Control Medications To stop airway inflammation, your doctor may suggest you combine the effective medications with an inhaled corticosteroid, an anti-inflammatory drug with other drugs such as:
  • Long-acting beta-agonists.
  • Long-acting anticholinergics.
  • Leukotriene modifiers
  • Mast cell stabilizers
  • Theophylline
  • Immunomodulator
Quick-Relief Asthma Drugs These medications provide fast relief of asthma attack symptoms like cough, chest tightness, and wheezing. They include:
  • Short-acting beta-agonists
  • Anticholinergics
  • Systemic corticosteroids
Inhalers, Nebulizers, and Pills as Asthma Medicine Ways to take asthma medications include:
  • Inhaled, using a metered dose inhaler
  • Dry powder inhaler, or a nebulizer (which changes medication from a liquid to a mist)
  • Taken by mouth, either in pill or liquid form
  • Injection
Some asthma drugs can be taken together. And some inhalers mix two different medications to get the drugs to your airways quicker.     Keywords: bronchial asthma medication
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