Bronchial pneumonia, also called bronchopneumonia
, or lobular pneumonia, is an acute or chronic inflammation of the lungs and the bronchi. The causes and treatment are similar to those of pneumonia.
It mostly occurs because of descends infection of the bronchi in an acute bronchitis. It usually affects mostly children and elderly people, because it develops due to the low body resistance and impaired defense function of the respiratory tract.
Bronchial pneumonia can also be secondary:
- Viral infection (influenza, measles)
- Aspiration of food or vomiting
- Obstruction of bronchus with foreign body, neoplasm and others.
- Inhalation of poisonous gases
- Major surgery
- Severe chronic diseases (tuberculosis), malnutrition
- Hipostatics – long lying after suffering stroke
Symptoms of bronchial pneumonia may be very similar to other types of pneumonia. They include:
- a cough that brings up mucus
- shortness of breath
- chest pain
- rapid breathing
- muscle aches
- pleurisy, or chest pain that results from inflammation due to excessive coughing
- confusion or delirium, especially in older people
The symptoms may be especially serious in people with weakened immune systems or other illnesses.
Keywords: bronchial pneumonia; bronchopneumonia