There are various causes and symptoms of meningitis. After reading this short article, you will have a better understanding of the disease.
The disease can be caused by viral, bacterial or fungal infections.
Symptoms in people above 2
- Viral meningitis. This is the most common form of meningitis. Viruses such as enteroviruses, HIV, mumps, herpes simplex virus and West Nile virus can cause the disease.
- Bacterial meningitis. Bacteria that can lead to the disease include meningococcus, pneumococcus, listeria and haemophilus. You may get infected after you have a skull fracture, a sinus or ear infection. You may also have the disease after bacteria get into the blood and reach the spinal cord and brain.
- Fungal meningitis. This form of meningitis is not contagious among humans. People with a weak immune system are likely to catch it. It's uncommon but fatal if not handled properly.
Symptoms in infants and newborns:
- A stiff neck
- High fever
- Difficulty waking
- Difficulty concentrating
- Loss of appetite
- Non-stop crying
- Stiff body
Keywords: meningitis cause & symptom; symptoms meningitis causes