What Are the Causes and Symptoms of Meningitis?

  • 1

1 Answer

These messages are for mutual support and information sharing only. Always consult your doctor before trying anything you read here.
There are various causes and symptoms of meningitis. After reading this short article, you will have a better understanding of the disease. Causes: The disease can be caused by viral, bacterial or fungal infections.
  • Viral meningitis. This is the most common form of meningitis. Viruses such as enteroviruses, HIV, mumps, herpes simplex virus and West Nile virus can cause the disease.
  • Bacterial meningitis. Bacteria that can lead to the disease include meningococcus, pneumococcus, listeria and haemophilus. You may get infected after you have a skull fracture, a sinus or ear infection. You may also have the disease after bacteria get into the blood and reach the spinal cord and brain.
  • Fungal meningitis. This form of meningitis is not contagious among humans. People with a weak immune system are likely to catch it. It's uncommon but fatal if not handled properly.
Symptoms in people above 2:
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • A stiff neck
  • High fever
  • Difficulty waking
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Rash
  • Seizures
Symptoms in infants and newborns:
  • Non-stop crying
  • Sleepiness
  • Fever
  • Stiff body
  • Irritability
  Keywords: meningitis cause & symptom; symptoms meningitis causes