Although there is no cure
for bronchiectasis disease, prevention and treatment is important to help you keep away from it, or manage the condition if you get bronchiectasis unfortunately.
Avoiding smoking, polluted air, cooking fumes, and chemicals can help protect your lungs and maintain lung health. You and your children should be vaccinated against the flu, pertussis, and measles, as these conditions have been linked to the condition in adulthood.
The bad thing is that the exact cause of bronchiectasis is unknown in about 50 percent of the cases of non-CF bronchiectasis. In up to 35 percent of people, it may occur after a lung infection. For others, it's related to genetic abnormalities that affect the lungs and other medical conditions.
We can see that prevention is difficult
when the cause of bronchiectasis is unknown. Early recognition of bronchiectasis is important so that intervention can begin before significant lung damage occurs.
Since you can only manage to control the condition of bronchiectasis, the main goal of treatment is to keep infections and bronchial secretions under control. Common methods of treating bronchiectasis include:
- methods for clearing the airways (like breathing exercises and chest physiotherapy)
- pulmonary rehabilitation
- antibiotics to prevent and treat infection
- bronchodilators like albuterol (Proventil) and tiotropium (Spiriva) to open up airways
- medications to thin mucus
- expectorants to aid in coughing up mucus
- oxygen therapy
- vaccinations to prevent respiratory infections
If there's bleeding in the lung, or if the bronchiectasis is only in one part of your lung, you may need surgery to remove the affected area.
Keywords: bronchiectasis disease