How Does Meningitis Spread?

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Of all types of meningitis, viral meningitis and bacterial meningitis are contagious. How they spread are different from each other.
  • Viral meningitis. The form of disease caused by arboviruses is spread by ticks or mosquitos. Infection of this type often happens during summer months. Meningitis caused by enteroviruses is transmitted through sneezing and coughing. If you have indirect or direct contact with someone who's infected, you have a higher chance of catching the disease.
  • Bacterial meningitis. Meningococcal bacterium is one type of bacteria that can lead to meningitis. It needs to be inside the body to survive. So if you hang around with an infected person, you're not likely to get infected. However, if you have close contact with such a person for a long time, you have a higher chance of being infected. Such infections often occur in schools and daycare centers. Some people carry the bacteria in the nose or throat. Although they may not get infected, they can transmit the bacteria to other people.
  Keyword: meningitis spread