It is a sub-type of schizophrenia. Thus, risk factors for catatonic schizophrenia are the same as those for schizophrenia in general. Fortunately, there are now a number of effective treatments for the condition.
What are the symptoms?
When people get catatonia, they may flip between decreased and excessive motor activity. Apart from the symptoms of schizophrenia such as delusions, hallucinations, thought disorder, poor expression of emotions and social withdrawal, the patient may also have the following symptoms of catatonia:
- no psychomotor activity, no interaction with the environment
- keeping a position until they are moved again
- limited verbal responses
- little or no response to instructions or external stimuli
- unusual postures and odd, exaggerated actions
- repetitive movements without reason
- agitation for no known reason
- mimicking another person's speech or movements
Without proper treatment, a catatonic episode can persist for days or even weeks.
What are the causes?
In fact, doctors aren’t sure what the exact causes of catatonic schizophrenia. Most likely, it is caused by a combination of genetics and environmental triggers, such as stress. Also, here are some risk factors:
- Viral infection
- Stress during early life
- Abuse or trauma during childhood
- Old age of parents at birth
Treatments vary on a number of factors, including the severity and types of symptoms and the condition of the patient.
Keywords: catatonic schizophrenia