Before receiving treatment, diagnosis should rule out other mental health disorders.
Treatment varies on the type and severity of symptoms and the specific condition of the patient. The following are some common ones.
- Antipsychotics. The medication specifically for the treatment of schizoaffective disorder is the antipsychotic drug paliperidone.
- Mood-stabilizing medications. When the schizoaffective disorder is bipolar type, mood stabilizers can help level out the mania highs and depression lows.
- Antidepressants. When depression appears, antidepressants can help manage feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or difficulty with sleep and concentration.
In addition to medication, psychotherapy may help. This may include:
- Individual therapy. A trusting relationship can help patients better understand their condition and learn to manage symptoms.
- Family or group therapy. Supportive group settings can also help decrease social isolation and provide a reality check during periods of psychosis.
When symptoms become serious, hospitalization may be necessary to ensure effective treatment. Long-term treatment is necessary to help to manage the symptoms.
Keywords: manage schizoaffective disorder