A migraine is a powerful headache that often happens with nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light. They can last from 4 hours to 3 days, and sometimes longer.
The exact causes of the headaches remain unknown
so far. Possible reasons are changes in the brain and genes that run in families.
Some common triggers include:
- Caffeine (too much or withdrawal)
- Changes in weather
- Too tired
- Skipping meals
- Changes to sleep
Common symptoms include:
- A headache that often begins as a dull ache and grows into throbbing pain. The pain can shift from one side of the head to the other. It can be in a specific spot of the head, or feel like it's affecting the whole head.
- Sensitivity to light, noise, and smells
- Nausea and vomiting, upset stomach, and belly pain
- Loss of appetite
- Feeling very warm or cold
- Pale skin
- Blurred vision
- Fever, which is rare.
Migraines can be treated with three types of drugs:
- Drugs that relieve pain or other symptoms of migraines
- Drugs that stop a migraine headache (abortive drugs): Take these drugs at the first sign of a migraine attack to stop them. They prevent common symptoms like pain, nausea, and sound and light sensitivity.
- Drugs that prevent your headaches: Take these drugs regularly to keep migraines attacks from happening. They lessen the number and severity of your headaches.
Make sure to take the drugs based on your condition and follow the instruction of your doctor.
Keywords: information migraine headaches; migraine information; migraine resources