Adenotonsillectomy is the surgical removal of both the tonsils and adenoids.
Tonsils and adenoids are part of the immune system and are often removed in childhood to treat chronic ear infections and obstructed breathing. But removal often occurs at ages when immune system development is sensitive.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Children is most often caused by adenoid and tonsillar hypertrophy. Adenotonsillectomy is the most common performed procedures. An adenotonsillectomy may improve your child's obstructive sleep apnea by opening up the airway.
But some studies suggest that long-term risks of diseases -- in particular respiratory, allergic and infectious diseases -- were substantially increased after surgery, so parents should think twice before removing a child's tonsils and adenoids.