Your doctor might ask you for a physical exam, you would bend in different directions to test the range of motion in your spine. Also, your doctor might ask you to take a deep breath to see if you have difficulty expanding your chest.
The goal of treatment
is to relieve your pain and stiffness, and prevent or delay complications and spinal deformity. Treatments may include:
- Medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and TNF blockers.
- Physical therapy. It is an important part of treatment and can provide a number of benefits, from pain relief to improved strength and flexibility.
- Surgery. Most people with ankylosing spondylitis don't need surgery. However, if you have severe pain or joint damage, or if your hip joint is so damaged that it needs to be replaced, your doctor might recommend surgery.