Alopecia, or more commonly known as hair loss, can occur to anyone. Yet men are more seriously affected by baldness. Some people prefer to leave the condition untreated and cover it up with hairstyles, hats or scarves. Yet in most cases alopecia can be treated and completely cured. Its causes usually include heredity, hormonal changes, stress and others.
What is alopecia?
Alopecia, hair loss or baldness all point to the same frustrating fact: your hair is getting thinner. People typically lose about 100 hairs a day. But this usually doesn't cause problems as new hair is growing at the same time. Yet when your body is experiencing hormonal changes or you are under great stress, the loss of your hair may become a prominent problem.
Causes of alopecia: heredity, hormonal changes and more
You experience hair loss when your hair is lossing fast yet new hair does not grow rapidly. This is because some of your hair follicles are destroyed and replaced with scar tissue.
Here are the most common causes of hair loss:
Family history (heredity). The most common cause of hair loss is a heredity called male-pattern baldness or female-pattern baldness. It usually occurs as you grow old. Your hairline will recede. You have bald spots if you are male, and thinning hair if you are female.
Hormonal changes. Hormonal changes due to pregnancy, childbirth, menopause and thyroid problems may make you lose more hair.
Medications and supplements. Hair loss can be a side effect of certain drugs, such as those used for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout and high blood pressure.
Radiation therapy to the head. In this case, the hair may not grow back the same as it was before.
Stress. Many people experience a general thinning of hair several months after a physical or emotional shock. This type of hair loss is temporary.
Certain hairstyles and treatments. If you have too much hairstyling, it may hurt your scalp. Besides, hairstyles that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can cause a type of hair loss called traction alopecia. Besides, if scarring occurs, your hair loss could be permanent.