Doctors usually diagnose
measles based on the disease's characteristic rash as well as a small, bluish-white spot on a bright red background on the inside lining of the cheek. However, many doctors have never seen measles, and the rash can be confused with a number of other illnesses. If necessary, a blood test can confirm whether the rash is truly measles.
There's no specific treatment
for s measles infection. However, some measures can be taken to protect vulnerable individuals who have been exposed to the virus:
- Post-exposure vaccination. Nonimmunized people, including infants, may be given the measles vaccination within 72 hours of exposure to the measles virus.
- Immune serum globulin. Pregnant women, infants and people with weakened immune systems who are exposed to the virus may receive an injection of immune serum globulin.
- Medications such as fever reducers, antibiotics and vitamin A.