What Are the Symptoms and Risk Factors of Alopecia?

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Hair loss, or called alopecia, is a problem haunting many people in their mid-30s or 40s. Symptoms of hair loss include gradual thinning on top of head, patchy bald spots, sudden loosing of hair and others. Also, a number of factors can increase your risk of alopecia.
Symptoms: gradual thinning on top of head, patchy bald spots and more.
Hair loss can appear in many different ways, depending on what's causing it. For example, it can come on suddenly or gradually and affect just your scalp or your whole body. Some types of hair loss are temporary, and others are permanent. Here are some symptoms of hair loss: Gradual thinning on top of head. This is the most common type of alopecia. It can affect both men and women as they age. In men, hair often begins to recede from the forehead in a line that resembles the letter M. Women typically retain the hairline on the forehead but have a broadening of the part in their hair. Circular or patchy bald spots. Some people experience smooth, coin-sized bald spots. This type of hair loss usually affects just the scalp, but it sometimes also occurs in beards or eyebrows. In some cases, your skin may become itchy or painful before the hair falls out. Sudden loosening of hair. A physical or emotional shock can make your hair fall in tufts. Handfuls of hair may come out when combing or washing your hair or even after gentle tugging. This type of hair loss usually causes overall hair thinning and not bald patches. Full-body hair loss. Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can result in the loss of hair all over your body. The hair usually grows back. Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp. This is a sign of ringworm. It may be accompanied by broken hair, redness, swelling and, at times, oozing.
Risk factors of hair loss:
In fact, a number of factors can increase your risk of alopecia, including:
  • Family history of balding, in either of your parent's families
  • Age
  • Significant weight loss
  • Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and lupus
  • Stress