Burns don't affect the skin uniformly, so a single injury can reach varying depths. Distinguishing a minor burn from a more serious burn involves determining the extent of tissue damage.
Three classifications of burns:
This minor burn affects only the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). It may cause:
This type of burn affects both the epidermis and the second layer of skin (dermis). It may cause:
- white or splotchy skin
- the wound often looks wet or moist
Blisters may develop, and pain can be severe. Deep second-degree burns can cause scarring.
This burn reaches into the fat layer beneath the skin.
- Burned areas may be charred black or white.
- The skin may look waxy or leathery.
Third-degree burns can destroy nerves, causing numbness. A person with this type of burn may also have difficulty breathing or experience smoke inhalation or carbon monoxide poisoning.
In the daily life, risk factors of burns should be avoided. Try to keep a distance from sources that may cause burns.