What Is the Treatment of Blackheads?

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Treatments of blackheads include:
  • Over-the-counter (OTC) treatments. The drugs contain ingredients such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and resorcinol. They work by killing bacteria, drying excess oil, and forcing the skin to shed dead skin cells.
  • Prescription medications. Medications that contain vitamin A keep plugs from forming in the hair follicles and promote more rapid turnover of skin cells. These medications are applied directly to your skin and can include tretinoin, tazarotene, or adapalene.
  • Manual removal. Dermatologists or specially trained skin care professionals use a special instrument called a round loop extractor to remove the plug causing the blackhead.
  • Microdermabrasion. A doctor or skin care professional uses a special instrument that contains a rough surface to sand the top layers of your skin. Sanding the skin removes clogs that cause blackheads.
  • Chemical peels. They can remove clogs and get rid of the dead skins cells that contribute to blackheads.
  • Laser and light therapies. They use tiny beams of intense light to decrease oil production or kill bacteria.