How to Diagnose and Treat Myocardial Infarction?

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Diagnosis In order to diagnose a myocardial infarction, your doctor may let you have following tests:
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG).
  • Blood tests.
  • Chest X-ray.
  • Echocardiogram.
  • Coronary catheterization (angiogram).
  • Exercise stress test.
  • Cardiac CT or MRI.
Treatment The treatment of myocardial infarction includes medications and surgeries. The following are some common medications:
  • Aspirin.
  • Thrombolytics.
  • Antiplatelet agents.
  • Other blood-thinning medications.
  • Pain relievers.
  • Nitroglycerin.
  • Beta blockers.
  • ACE inhibitors.
  • Statins.
Surgical and other procedures may include:
  • Coronary angioplasty and stenting.
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery.
  • A cardiac rehabilitation program may be recommended to the patient by the doctor.
   
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