Arthritis is a general term for inflammation in the joints. Arthritis can occur in numerous forms. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis.
In osteoarthritis, the cartilage, the protective cushioning between the joints, wears out. When this happens, the bones rub directly against other bones.
This leads to structural changes that can be seen on X-rays. Bone deposits or bone spurs known as osteophytes may develop on the edges of the joints.
Besides, the soft tissues stabilizing joints may also show signs of wear. Arthritis is often painful, but not always.
In the long run, arthritis can result in joint deformity and can limit the motion and function of joints.
Keywords: arthritis osteoarthritis; osteoarthritis arthritis.