For the treatment of asthma, prevention and long-term control are key. As a result, daily asthma medications play an important role. And there are several types of medications.
First of all, long-term asthma control medications
, generally taken daily, are the cornerstone of asthma treatment. For example:
- Inhaled corticosteroids, such as fluticasone (Flonase, Flovent HFA), budesonide (Pulmicort Flexhaler, Rhinocort), flunisolide (Aerospan HFA), ciclesonide (Alvesco, Omnaris, Zetonna).
- Leukotriene modifiers, including montelukast (Singulair), zafirlukast (Accolate) and zileuton (Zyflo).
- Long-acting beta agonists, including salmeterol (Serevent) and formoterol (Foradil, Perforomist).
- Combination inhalers, such as fluticasone-salmeterol (Advair Diskus), budesonide-formoterol (Symbicort) and formoterol-mometasone (Dulera).
Secondly, you may take quick-relief (rescue) medications
for rapid, short-term symptom relief during an asthma attack, such as:
- Short-acting beta agonists.
- Ipratropium (Atrovent).
- Oral and intravenous corticosteroids.
Thirdly, allergy medications
may help if allergies triggered or worsened your asthma. These include:
- Allergy shots (immunotherapy).
- Omalizumab (Xolair).
What's more, bronchial thermoplasty is used for severe asthma that doesn't improve with inhaled corticosteroids or other long-term asthma medications.
Keywords: treat asthma; asthma treatment.