Hypertension (HTN or HT)
, also known as high blood pressure (HBP)
or arterial hypertension
, is a kind of long-term medical condition
in which blood pressure in the arteries is continuously elevated. Hypertension is classified into two categories: primary (essential)hypertension
and secondary hypertension
. The causes of the two categories are different.
There are no identifiable causes
for primary (essential) hypertension
, it develops gradually over several years and no obvious symptoms.
The causes of secondary hypertension
- Some medications, such as decongestants, birth control pills, cold remedies, over-the-counter pain relievers.
- Some illegal drugs, such as amphetamines and cocaine
- Your kidney or thyroid problems.
- Congenital hypertension.
- Obstructive sleep apnea.
, alcohol abuse
, lack of exercise
, too much stress and eating too much salt
may also cause hypertension.
Keywords: causes hypertension; causes hypertension+; hypertension causes