Hypertension (HTN or HT)
, also known as high blood pressure (HBP)
or arterial hypertension
, is a kind of long-term medical condition in which blood pressure in the arteries is continuously elevated. Most people choose medicines to treat hypertension. Apart from medical treatment, some at-home remedies will also help to lower blood pressure.
Hypertension is classified into two categories: primary (essential) hypertension
and secondary hypertension
. The causes of the two categories are different.
There are no identifiable causes for primary (essential) hypertension
, it develops gradually over several years and no obvious symptoms
The causes of secondary hypertension include:
- Some medications, such as decongestants, birth control pills, cold remedies, over-the-counter pain relievers.
- Some illegal drugs, such as amphetamines and cocaine
- Your kidney or thyroid problems.
- Congenital hypertension.
- Obstructive sleep apnea.
, alcohol abuse
, lack of exercise
, too much stress
and eating too much salt
may also cause hypertension.
Most people with hypertension have no symptoms, some may experience:
- Shortness of breath
You should ask your doctor for advice on the treatment of your hypertension.
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