There are different types of surgeries differ in procedures used to treat sciatica, including:
Discectomy is the surgical removal of the herniated disc that exerts pressure on the sciatic nerve. It is herniated disc that is responsible for sciatica symptoms.
In some cases, only parts of the herniated disc are removed.
Microdiscectomy is similar to discectomy. The only difference is that microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive surgery.
The usage of a microscopic magnification allows the surgeon to work through a very small incision.
Since the surgery is minimally invasive, the recovery time required is very less.
Laminectomy is the surgical removal of the lamina, a bony plate that protects the spinal cord and the spinal canal.
After removing the lamina, there will be more space for the spinal nerves and the sciatic nerve, thus reducing the chances of compression of the sciatic nerve.
This one is the same as laminectomy. The only difference is that laminotomy involves removal of a part of the lamina whereas laminectomy involves removal of the entire lamina. Recovery time in laminotomy is much lesser as compared to laminectomy.
After the surgery, if you notice any problems such as weakness, increased pain, fever or any kind of infection, make sure that you see your health care provider immediately.
Keyword: sciatica surgery procedures