Polycystic ovary syndrome is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in reproductive-aged female, occurring in up to 10% of such individuals.
It is characterized by overproduction of the androgen testosterone, menstrual abnormalities when ovulation does not occur and enlarged ovaries containing multiple small follicles (polycystic ovaries).
Women with severe PCOS have greater menstrual irregularity, androgen excess, total and abdominal fat and resistance to insulin; and have more severe risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease than women with less severe forms of PCOS.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is morelikely to occur among family members than in the general population. Lifestyle, including diet and exercise, also affects the severity of PCOS, with weight gain worsening both reproductive and metabolic abnormalities.
Consequently, PCOS can adversely impair a woman’s health by increasing her risks for infertility, obstetrical complications, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Diagnosing PCOS depends upon identifying the following three factors :
1) androgen excess
2) disorders of ovulation and/or
3) polycystic ovaries
Keyword: it polycystic ovary syndrome