There are four major types of leukemia: acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
; acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
; chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
; chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
Common treatments for leukemia?
Although the treatments of leukemia vary from type to type, the major options
- Chemotherapy: Use drugs to kill cancer cells.
- Blood and platelet transfusions: Help acute leukemia patients prevent or stop bleeding.
- Biological therapy or immunotherapy: Help immune system recognize and attack leukemia cells.
- Radiation therapy: Use high-energy X-rays to kill leukemia cells or stop their growth.
- Targeted therapy: Use drugs to block specific genes or proteins cancer cells need.
- Stem cell transplant: Patients with AML may require it to replace leukemia cells with new ones that can make blood.
- Splenectomy: Stop it pressing on nearby organs.
What can we do to manage leukemia?
Besides medical treatments
above, we can also do something in our daily life to manage
- Prevent infection: Wash hands often and avoid sick people.
- Quit smoking and alcohol: Alcohol can make the blood easier to bleed. Smoking increases the risk of returning cancer.
- Exercise as directed: Exercises can bring energy and help manage weight.
- Prevent bruising and bleeding: Stay away from sharp objects like knives.
- Don't take NSAIDs and aspirin: They will increase the risk of bleeding.
- Eat healthy foods.
Ask nutritionists and doctors for more details if needed.
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