How to Treat Leukemia?

2 Answers

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      There are four major types of leukemia: acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); acute myeloid leukemia (AML); chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).  

Common treatments for leukemia?

Although the treatments of leukemia vary from type to type, the major options are:
  • Chemotherapy: Use drugs to kill cancer cells.
  • Blood and platelet transfusions: Help acute leukemia patients prevent or stop bleeding.
  • Biological therapy or immunotherapy: Help immune system recognize and attack leukemia cells.
  • Radiation therapy: Use high-energy X-rays to kill leukemia cells or stop their growth.
  • Targeted therapy: Use drugs to block specific genes or proteins cancer cells need.
  • Stem cell transplant: Patients with AML may require it to replace leukemia cells with new ones that can make blood.
  • Splenectomy: Stop it pressing on nearby organs.
 

What can we do to manage leukemia?

Besides medical treatments above, we can also do something in our daily life to manage leukemia:
  • Prevent infection: Wash hands often and avoid sick people.
  • Quit smoking and alcohol: Alcohol can make the blood easier to bleed. Smoking increases the risk of returning cancer.
  • Exercise as directed: Exercises can bring energy and help manage weight.
  • Prevent bruising and bleeding: Stay away from sharp objects like knives.
  • Don't take NSAIDs and aspirin: They will increase the risk of bleeding.
  • Eat healthy foods.
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A major breakthrough in the treatment of leukemia has already been made.

A molecular process involved in the action of anti-leukemia drugs has been discovered at Université de Montréal's Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer (IRIC). The research holds promise for the development of effective treatments in the near future.
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