What medication is often used to treat BPD?
Borderline personality disorder is sometimes treated with medications for anxiety or depression, as well as psychological conditions
that frequently co-occur with BPD, such as major depressive disorder. When used in conjunction with psychotherapy and other treatments
, medication may be particularly effective for BPD.
Following are types of medications for borderline personality disorder.
Types of antidepressants
studied for use with BPD are:
- Tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
These medications may help with the common symptoms of BPD like sadness, low mood, anxiety and emotional reactivity
, but they do not seem to have a strong effect on other symptoms of the disorder like anger and impulsivity.
- Nardil (phenelzine)
- Prozac (fluoxetine)
- Zoloft (sertraline)
- Effexor (venlafaxine)
- Wellbutrin (bupropion)
Antipsychotics have been shown to reduce anxiety, paranoid thinking, anger/hostility and impulsivity
in patients with BPD.
- Haldol (haloperidol)
- Zyprexa (olanzapine)
- Clozaril (clozapine)
- Seroquel (quetiapine)
- Risperdal (risperidone) (Risperdal)
Medications with mood stabilizing properties can be used to treat the impulsive behavior and rapid changes in emotion
that are associated with BPD.
Common mood stabilizers/anticonvulsants
- Lithobid (lithium carbonate)
- Depakote (valproate)
- Lamictal (lamotrigine)
- Tegretol or Carbatrol (carbamazepine)
It has to be noticed that uses of a particular class of anxiolytics, benzodiazepines
(e.g., Ativan, Klonopin), may actually cause a worsening of symptoms
for some individuals with BPD, and should be prescribed with caution.
- Ativan (lorazepam)
- Klonopin (clonazepam)
- Xanax (alprazolam)
- Valium (diazepam)
- Buspar (buspirone)
Other Borderline Personality Disorder Medications
As we learn more about the biological causes of BPD, new medications are being developed and tested for BPD. For example, findings from a recent study suggest that an omega-3-fatty acid supplement
can lead to decreased aggression and feelings of hostility in people with BPD.
Talk to your doctor about the benefits and side effects of medications.
Keywords: borderline personality disorder medication; medication borderline personality disorder