What are the medical treatments for pulmonary embolism?
The most common medical ways
to deal with the condition are as follow:
- Anticoagulant or thrombolytic medications: Anticoagulants can not only keep the clot from getting bigger, but also keep new clots from forming; Thrombolytic medications like low-molecular-weight heparins can be self-injected at home, which include Dalteparin (Fragmin), Enoxaparin (Lovenox), and Tinzaparin (Innohep).
- Catheter: A thin, flexible tube inserted in your thigh or arm will continue on to the lungs, thus removing the clot by using medicines to dissolve it through the tube.
- Compression stockings: They can keep pressure on your legs, so blood will not pool or clot.
- Inferior vena cava filter: It won't stop clots from forming, but just from getting to the lungs.
What are the common medications for pulmonary embolism?
Medications used to treat pulmonary embolism are usually anticoagulant medications and thrombolytic medications
, which may include:
- Apixaban (Eliquis): It is an expensive drug used to prevent clots in the lungs or veins, it can also lower the chance of stroke in people with atrial fibrillation.
- Coumadin (Jantoven, Warfarin)
- Rivaroxaban (Xarelto): Besides treating pulmonary embolism, it is also used to prevent blood clots after knee or hip surgeries.
- Lovenox (Enoxaparin): Prevent blood clots after knee, hip, or abdominal surgeries.
- Fragmin (Dalteparin): It is used in combination with aspirin to prevent complicatons caused by unstable angina or heart attack.
What can you do in daily life to prevent pulmonary embolism?
The followings are suggestions for you to conduct in daily life:
- Change your diet or eating habits: Eating more foods with natural salicylates, vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acids and natural antibiotics.
Natural salicylates can thin the blood. Foods with natural salicylates include cayenne pepper, blackstrap molasses, ginger and cinnamon, licorice, mint, tangerines, prunes, cranberries, blueberries and so on.
Omega-3 fatty acids can help lower cholesterol and prevent clots. Foods with omega-3 fatty acids include pumpkin seeds, walnuts and fish.
Vitamin E can help prevent over-oxidization. Foods with vitamin-E include swiss chard, spinach, red bell peppers, broccoli, kiwi, etc.
Natural antibiotics can also help thin the blood. Foods with natural antibiotics include garlic, olive and onions.
- Regular exercises: They can help boost your strength and breathing.
- Quit smoking if you smoke.
- Pay more attention to other prescriptions you take: Some certain medicines may affect how blood thinners work, such as aspirin, sleeping pills, antibiotics, pain medicines, cold medicines and so on.
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