Any Information about Pulmonary Edema?

1 Answer

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Any information about pulmonary edema?

Pulmonary edema is a condition in which excess fluids build up in the lungs, thus having effect on breathing. The most common cause of pulmonary edema is heart failure or heart disease, so this type of edema can be serious and life-threatening.

What causes pulmonary edema?

As what has been said above, heart failure or heart disease is usually the common cause of pulmonary, but pulmonary edema isn't always related to heart problems. Other causes include:
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  • Being exposed to certain toxins such as chlorine and ammonia.
  • Injury or trauma to the brain or nervous system.
  • High altitude
  • Inhaled toxins
  • Pancreatitis
  • Preeclampsia
  • Blood clots
  • Viral infections
  • Near-drowning incidents
  • Kidney disease
  • Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC)
  • Adverse drug reaction

What are the symptoms of pulmonary edema?

Symptoms of pulmonary edema may happen suddenly, sudden or acute pulmonary edema signs and symptoms include:
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Sudden shortness of breath
  • Blue-tinged lips
  • Palpitations
  • Cough with pink, frothy spit
  • Anxiety, restlessness or a sense of apprehension
  • Wheezing or gasping for breath
  • Dyspnea with a lot of sweating
  • Feel lightheaded, dizzy, weak with a drop in blood pressure
Symptoms of pulmonary edema can also happen over time, which is called chronic pulmonary edema. Symptoms of chronic pulmonary edema include:
  • Swollen legs and feet
  • Rapid weight gain
  • Wheeze
  • Fatigue
  • More breathing problems when doing exercises
  • Wake up at night with a breathless feeling that may be relieved by sitting up
  • Shortness of breath when lying down

What are the treatments for pulmonary edema?

Giving oxygen through a face mask or nasal cannula is usually the first step when treating pulmonary edema. After receiving oxygen, you can also reduce the swelling with certain medications and home remedies. Medications suggested:
  • Antibiotics, which can fight infections
  • Digoxin, which can increase the heart's pumping ability
  • Diuretics, which can help eliminate fluids
  • Antihypertensive medications, which can lower blood pressure
  • Sedatives, which can reduce anxiety
Home remedies:
  • Get regular exercises
  • Eat less salt
  • Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco
  • Eat plenty of vegetables, whole grains and fruits
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Lose weight if you are overweight
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