What Are the Basics of Prediabetes?

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What is the definition of prediabetes?

Prediabetes is like a warning of diabetes that it means your blood sugar level is too high. However, it has not become type 2 diabetes yet. Besides, it occurs in adults and children. If you change your lifestyles in time, you may prevent the condition from turning into type 2 diabetes.  

What are the symptoms of prediabetes?

In most cases, prediabetes has no sign or symptom. Therefore, people tend to ignore it until type 2 diabetes develops.  

What are the causes of prediabetes?

In your body, your pancreas produces insulin, a kind of hormone that can make blood sugar go into cells, so the blood sugar can be used as energy. However, in prediabetes, the cells don’t respond to insulin as usual, so your pancreas has to create more insulin. As the condition keeps developing, your pancreas fails to follow up, and your blood sugar level rises.  

What are the risk factors?

These following factors can increase the risk of prediabetes:
  • Having a parent or a sibling with type 2 diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Lack of exercise
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  • Being 45 or more than 45 years old
  • A large waist size
  • A sleep disorder
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
 

How to treat this condition?

Lifestyle changes can help lower your blood sugar level. Here are some suggestions for you:
  • Try to lose some weight Being overweight is a risk factor for prediabetes. Therefore, you should control your weight by developing healthy eating and exercising habits.
  • Have a healthy and balanced diet You should not eat foods high in fat or calories. Fresh vegetables, fruits and whole grains are good for you.
  • Exercise regularly Moderate and regular physical activity is important, and you should have it every day.
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