What Is the Tic Douloureux?

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Tic douloureux is also called trigeminal neuralgia, it is a severe, stabbing pain to one side or both sides of the face. And it is considered as one of the most painful conditions to affect people. The pain of tic douloureux can last from several seconds to minutes. For some chronic situations, the pain may last for several days, weeks and months. Besides, the tic douloureux is most common among people of middle age or later life. And it is more common in women.

What are the symptoms of tic douloureux?

The main symptoms of tic douloureux is the sudden, severe, stabbing, sharp, shooting, electric-shock-like pain on one side of the face. The pain comes in intermittent episodes which may last from a few seconds to a few minutes. And usually there is no pain between episodes. Besides, contacting with the face such as talking, eating, and brushing teeth may trigger pain.

What are the effective treatments for tic douloureux?

Medications Carbamazepine (Tegretol), Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) and lamotrigine (Lamictal) are most often prescribed by doctors. But these medications have some side effects such as double vision, nausea, drowsiness, and dizziness. Besides, Baclofen (Lioresal) and pimozide (Orap) are helpful in some cases. Surgery Surgery is used in severe situations in which medications cannot help to control the pain. Common surgeries include glycerol injection, microvascular decompression surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, balloon compression and peripheral radiofrequency thermocoagulation. Self-care Diet and life style changes can help people with tic douloureux to relieve symptoms. People with tic douloureux should avoid greasy or spicy foods, limit alcohol drinking and smoking. Keywords: douloureux; lent et douloureux; tic douloureux; tic douloureux definition; tic douloureux Wikipedia; symptoms tic douloureux; tic douloureux symptoms; tic douloureux treatment
It doesn’t describe what provoked the pain and what the anatomy is.
In trigeminal neuralgia, also called tic douloureux, the trigeminal nerve's function is disrupted. Usually, the problem is contact between a normal blood vessel — in this case, an artery or a vein — and the trigeminal nerve at the base of your brain. This contact puts pressure on the nerve and causes it to malfunction.
Trigeminal neuralgia can occur as a result of aging, or it can be related to multiple sclerosis or a similar disorder that damages the myelin sheath protecting certain nerves. Trigeminal neuralgia can also be caused by a tumor compressing the trigeminal nerve.
Some people may experience trigeminal neuralgia due to a brain lesion or other abnormalities. In other cases, surgical injuries, stroke or facial trauma may be responsible for trigeminal neuralgia.

A variety of triggers may set off the pain of trigeminal neuralgia, including: Shaving ,Touching your face,Eating,Drinking,Brushing your teeth,Talking,Putting on makeup ,Encountering a reeze,Smiling,Washing your face