What Are the Basics of Supraventricular Tachycardia?

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What is supraventricular tachycardia?

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), also known as paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, is a condition in which an individual has an abnormally fast heartbeat. Supraventricular tachycardia is a broad term, it includes different forms of heart rhythm disorders which occur above the ventricles (supraventricular) in the atria or AV node. There are three main types of supraventricular tachycardia: Atrial tachycardia, Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) and Atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT).

What are the possible symptoms of supraventricular tachycardia?

The possible symptoms of supraventricular tachycardia include:
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fainting (syncope) or near fainting
  • Sweating
  • Heart palpitations
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • The pounding sensation in the neck
  • A fluttering in your chest

What are the causes of supraventricular tachycardia?

The possible causes of supraventricular tachycardia include:
  • Aging
  • Heart failure
  • Thyroid disease
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Surgery
  • Pregnancy
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
  • Consuming too much caffeine
  • Chronic lung disease
  • Smoking
  • Anxiety or emotional stress
  • Diabetes.
  • Drug use such as asthma medications and allergy drugs

What are the effective treatments for supraventricular tachycardia?

The treatments for supraventricular tachycardia can be divided into home treatments and medical treatments. The home treatments for supraventricular tachycardia include:
  • Reducing stress
  • Having enough sleep
  • Keeping a healthy weight
  • Getting plenty of rests
  • Avoiding smoking and drinking
  • Eating a heart-healthy diet
  • Doing regular exercise
  • Avoiding stimulant drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines
Medical treatments for supraventricular tachycardia include:
  • Medications
  • Carotid sinus massage
  • Cardioversion
  • Catheter ablation
  • Vagal maneuvers
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