Turner syndrome can cause a variety of medical and developmental problems and symptoms of Turner syndrome may vary among girls and women with the disorder. For some people, symptoms are mild, but for others, Turner syndrome can cause serious health problems. To be speecific, Turner syndrome can affect:
- Appearance. Features of Turner syndrome may include a short neck with a webbed appearance, low hairline at the back of the neck, low-set ears, hands and feet that are swollen or puffy at birth, and soft nails that turn upward.
- Stature. Without treatment, giirls with Turner syndrome tend to have short stature (around 4 feet, 8 inches) as adults.
- Puberty. Most girls with Turner syndrome do not start puberty naturally.
- Reproduction. Without the estrogen made by their ovaries, girls with Turner syndrome will not develop breasts. Most women with Turner syndrome cannot become pregnant without assistive technology.
- Cardiovascular. Turner syndrome can cause problems with the heart or major blood vessels. In addition, some women and girls with Turner syndrome have high blood pressure.
- Kidney. Kidney function is usually normal in Turner syndrome, but some people with this condition have kidneys that look abnormal.
- Osteoporosis. Height loss and bone fractures can also be triggered.
- Diabetes. People with Turner syndrome are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes.
- Thyroid. Many people with Turner syndrome have thyroid problems. The most common one is hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid gland.
- Cognitive. People with Turner syndrome have normal intelligence. Some, however, have problems learning mathematics and can have trouble with visual-spatial coordination.
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